Saturday, 18 October 2008

Health Profile of England 2007 - part 1

web page, (pdf) and from snapshot (pdf).

What the Health Profile of England 2007 shows – the general picture

A general improvement in health outcome
The report shows recent improvements in a number of critical areas, e.g.:
• declining mortality rates in targeted killers (cancers, all circulatory diseases and suicides)
• increasing life expectancy, now at its highest ever level
• reducing infant mortality, now at its lowest ever level

However in some areas particular challenges remain to achieve and sustain progress, e.g.:
• rising rates of diabetes

Similarly for the determinants of health,
• although we are making improvements in some important areas, e.g.:
• the number of people who smoke
• quality of housing stock

• there are areas of concern, e.g.:
• increasing levels of obesity in adults and children

And even where we are seeing improvements, health inequalities are often present
• The report illustrates various geographical inequalities across the UK

International comparisons give a wider context presenting national progress in comparison to countries of the European Union (EU), or to the 15 countries that were members of the EU prior to 2004 (EU-15), e.g.:
• Premature mortality rates from the two biggest killers, circulatory diseases and cancer, are reducing faster in England than the average for the EU
• Death rates from motor vehicle traffic accidents in the United Kingdom are amongst the lowest in EU
• The prevalence of obesity in England is the highest in the EU
• Death rates for chronic liver disease and cirrhosis have risen markedly, particularly since the mid-1990s, and for females, latest data show England has risen above the EU-15 average
• The percentage of all live births to mothers under age 20 in the United Kingdom remains the highest when compared to other EU-15 countries.

4.8% males in 2003 had diabetes (Table 1.3)

26% males in 2005 ate 5 a day vegetables and fruit (Table 2D)

37% physically active males in 2005 (Table 2D).

22.1% obese adult males in 2005 (Table 2D).

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